The benefits of laser on Gum Disease.

Throughout the last decades, it has been well-recognized and understood that most periodontal diseases (gum diseases) are infections caused by microorganisms, especially bacteria. These microorganisms (pathogens) colonize the tooth surface at or below the gingival margin and are organized in entities called biofilms.

The classical protocol used to treat such periodontal infections is scaling and root planning( deep cleaning). Sometimes, however, pathogenic subgingival bacteria are difficult to eliminate, and despite repeated treatment sessions, they grow back and repopulate the periodontal pocket. Clinically, the result of this chronic infection is the progressive destruction of the gums and tooth loss. In addition to the bacteria, inadequate oral hygiene habits allowing accumulation of plaque on the tooth surface, the genetic component of the individual, the use of tobacco (smokers), and some systemic diseases all are considered risk factors for periodontal disease and can have a detrimental effect on the treatment outcome or change the course of the disease for the worse.

The use of laser light as a new modality of anti-infective approach to treat biofilm/plaque-induced gum disease. The laser light is used in this context as a complement to the routine techniques of treating periodontal diseases, with the objective of eliminating gum pathogens through its antibacterial property and promoting the return of the gum to a state of health through its anti-inflammatory effect.

At Atrium Dental we use a diode laser as adjunctive treatment to eliminate or lower gum pathogens that contribute to gum disease.

A laser is a photo-thermal device that produces a monochromatic, coherent, and collimated light with a specific wavelength that acts directly on cellular structures, destroying cell walls, altering DNA, modifying metabolic processes, and ungluing the polysaccharide structure of the bacteria biofilm.

Call our office at Atrium Dental to find out how laser can help your gum disease.